Updated: Jan 19
1. To know that by 1776 Britain had established 13 colonies in America.
2. To understand the reasons for the War of Independence taking place.
3. To understand why the American colonists declared Independence from Great Britain in 1776.
The period of history that we are looking at on the timeline is points 5, 6 and 7.
The United States of America has not always been very united! Indeed, there have been many battles and wars over land and power.
In 1773, there existed 13 British colonies on the East coast of America. These colonies were ruled by England.
Before we move on let's make sure we know about the colonies.
Watch Horrible Histories - Founding Pilgrims
Horrible Histories - Colonisation of Jamestown.
The colonists were not happy with being ruled by England. King George III along with Parliament in Britain, wanted to assert their power over the colonists, showing them who was in control. How did this situation come about?
In 1765, Priminister George Grenville had passed the Stamp Act. All official documents, even playing cards, had to have the stamp and the stamp had to be paid for. This was a form of taxation. The colonists had not been happy about this, not because the tax was high but because it was taxation without representation.
The Sons of Liberty were formed and they used any means to prevent the British from enforcing the tax.
In 1766, the tax was almost completely abandoned.
Then in 1773, to ensure the colonist knew who was in control the British instead placed a tax on tea!
This led to the Boston Tea Party.
You can read about the Boston Tea Party in this story adapted from This Country of Ours.
Watch this TED-Ed video.
Here's the Liberty Kids episode.
So what happened after the Boston Tea Party?
Here is the Liberty Kids episode.
Today you have a choice about what activity you do:
1. Pretend that you are Paul Revere and write the story of the ride in your own
2. Copy out the "The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere” poem and illustrate it.
3. Perform the poem for an audience, you may even want to record yourself!
Finally, in 1775, the American Revolution begins!
This was a war between the American colonists and the British. The colonists wanted to be independent of Britain and rule themselves.
Just for fun, watch this short film by Schoolhouse Rocks.
I want you to create an enormous timeline. Use a long length of lining wallpaper and the resources below to create your own timeline of the war. Make sure you include important dates, what happened and who was involved. You can explore the links to find out more if you want about each event. You can take up to three days to complete this. When you are done ask a grownup to help you display it on a long wall.
MrDonn - scroll down to the sections you want.
Day 6 and 7
Now I am going to let you have a couple of days playing games!
Remember I am expecting you to read everything, not to skip bits, as I am not giving you anything else to read.
PBS Liberty road - this is a long game.
Read the newspaper article here about the Declaration of Independence.
Watch this video about primary and secondary sources. It is meant for slightly older learners you just need to know that there are two types of sources.
Read the newspaper article here about Yorktown. Was this article a primary or secondary source?
Have a go at this game!
Day 10 -14
End of Unit Project
Time to show what you know!
Use the resources in this unit, books that you have and the internet to find out anything you do not already know.
Once you have finished the lap book take it to your grownup and show them what you have made. Try to explain everything you have found out about American independence.